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Index demokracie (Petr Daubner)

10. 3. 2009

 

Index demokracie

   Britský týdeník The Economist hodnotil téměř všechny země světa (s výjimkou nejmenších států) na základě 5 kritérií: volební proces a pluralita, občanské svobody, fungování vlády, politická spoluúčast a politická kultura. Maximální možné skóre, kterého bylo možno dosáhnout, bylo 10, minimální skóre bylo 0. Za úplné demokracie jsou pak považovány země se známkou 8-10,  „demokracie s vadami“ (flawed demokracy) jsou země se známkami 6-7.9. Hybridní režimy mají známku 4-5.9 a autoritativní režimy mají známku nižší než 4. První tři kategorie pak The Economist označuje jako demokratické, kdežto teprve čtvrtá kategorie jsou vyložené diktatury. Každé srovnání může být samozřejmě diskutabilní. Švédsko je podle tohoto pořadí téměř dokonalou demokracií. Česká republika se umístila na lichotivém 19. místě a je „plně demokratickou“ zemí (dokonce demokratičtější než Spojené království, mateřská země týdeníku The Economist, čemuž se skoro ani nechce věřit). Česká republika je nejdemokratičtější postkomunistickou zemí vůbec! Naopak Slovensko je až 44. a mezi úplné demokracie se neřadí. Z postkomunistických zemí se tak mezi "úplné demokracie" řadí pouze Česká republika a Slovinsko. Takže i když je nadávání na politiku u nás národním sportem, nejsme na tom zase tak špatně… 

Pořadí v roce 2008 podle britského týdeníku The Economist

                         

No.       Location                                               Index       Category

1           Sweden                                                 9.88         Full democracy

2           Norway                                                  9.68         Full democracy

3           Iceland                                                   9.65         Full democracy

4           Netherlands                                           9.53         Full democracy

5           Denmark                                                9.52         Full democracy

6           Finland                                                  9.25         Full democracy

7           New Zealand                                         9.19         Full democracy

8           Switzerland                                           9.15         Full democracy

9           Luxembourg                                          9.10         Full democracy

10         Australia                                                9.09         Full democracy

11         Canada                                                  9.07         Full democracy

12         Ireland                                                   9.01         Full democracy

13         Germany                                                8.82         Full democracy

14         Austria                                                   8.49         Full democracy

15         Spain                                                     8.45         Full democracy

16         Malta                                                     8.39         Full democracy

17         Japan                                                     8.25         Full democracy

18         United States                                         8.22         Full democracy

19         Czech Republic                                    8.19         Full democracy

20         Belgium                                                 8.16         Full democracy

21         United Kingdom                                    8.15         Full democracy

22         Greece                                                   8.13         Full democracy

23         Uruguay                                                 8.08         Full democracy

24         France                                                    8.07         Full democracy

25         Portugal                                                 8.05         Full democracy

26         Mauritius                                               8.04         Full democracy

27         Costa Rica                                             8.04         Full democracy

28         South Korea                                          8.01         Full democracy

29         Italy                                                       7.98         Full democracy

30         Slovenia                                                 7.96         Full democracy

31         South Africa                                          7.91         Flawed democracy

32         Chile                                                      7.89         Flawed democracy

33         Taiwan                                                   7.82         Flawed democracy

34         Cape Verde                                           7.81         Flawed democracy

35         India                                                      7.80         Flawed democracy

36         Cyprus                                                   7.70         Flawed democracy

37         Estonia                                                   7.68         Flawed democracy

38         Israel                                                      7.48         Flawed democracy

39         Botswana                                               7.47         Flawed democracy

40         Hungary                                                 7.44         Flawed democracy

41         Brazil                                                     7.38         Flawed democracy

42         Lithuania                                                7.36         Flawed democracy

43         Panama                                                  7.35         Flawed democracy

44         Slovakia                                                 7.33         Flawed democracy

45         Poland                                                   7.30         Flawed democracy

46         Latvia                                                    7.23         Flawed democracy

47         Timor-Leste                                           7.22         Flawed democracy

48         Trinidad and Tobago                              7.21         Flawed democracy

49         Jamaica                                                  7.21         Flawed democracy

50         Romania                                                 7.06         Flawed democracy

51         Croatia                                                   7.04         Flawed democracy

52         Bulgaria                                                  7.02         Flawed democracy

53         Ukraine                                                  6.94         Flawed democracy

54         Thailand                                                 6.81         Flawed democracy

55         Mexico                                                  6.78         Flawed democracy

56         Argentina                                               6.63         Flawed democracy

57         Sri Lanka                                               6.61         Flawed democracy

58         Mongolia                                               6.60         Flawed democracy

59         Suriname                                               6.58         Flawed democracy

60         Colombia                                               6.54         Flawed democracy

61         Papua New Guinea                                6.54         Flawed democracy

62         Moldova                                                6.50         Flawed democracy

63         Serbia                                                    6.49         Flawed democracy

64         Namibia                                                 6.48         Flawed democracy

65         Montenegro                                           6.43         Flawed democracy

66         Paraguay                                                6.40         Flawed democracy

67         El Salvador                                            6.40         Flawed democracy

68         Malaysia                                                6.36         Flawed democracy

69         Indonesia                                               6.34         Flawed democracy

70         Peru                                                       6.31         Flawed democracy

71         Lesotho                                                 6.29         Flawed democracy

72         Republic of Macedonia                          6.21         Flawed democracy

73         Dominican Republic                               6.20         Flawed democracy

74         Honduras                                               6.18         Flawed democracy

75         Bolivia                                                   6.15         Flawed democracy

76         Guyana                                                  6.12         Flawed democracy

77         Philippines                                             6.12         Flawed democracy

78         Nicaragua                                              6.07         Flawed democracy

79         Guatemala                                             6.07         Flawed democracy

80         Benin                                                     6.06         Flawed democracy

81         Albania                                                  5.91         Hybrid regime

82         Singapore                                              5.89         Hybrid regime

83         Mali                                                       5.87         Hybrid regime

84         Hong Kong                                           5.85         Hybrid regime

85         Palestinian Authority                              5.83         Hybrid regime

86         Bosnia and Herzegovina                        5.70         Hybrid regime

87         Turkey                                                   5.69         Hybrid regime

88         Ecuador                                                 5.64         Hybrid regime

89         Lebanon                                                5.62         Hybrid regime

90         Madagascar                                           5.57         Hybrid regime

91         Bangladesh                                            5.52         Hybrid regime

92         Mozambique                                          5.49         Hybrid regime

93         Senegal                                                  5.37         Hybrid regime

94         Ghana                                                    5.35         Hybrid regime

95         Venezuela                                              5.34         Hybrid regime

96         Tanzania                                                5.28         Hybrid regime

97         Zambia                                                  5.25         Hybrid regime

98         Liberia                                                   5.25         Hybrid regime

99         Malawi                                                  5.13         Hybrid regime

100       Fiji                                                         5.11         Hybrid regime

101       Uganda                                                  5.03         Hybrid regime

102       Cambodia                                              4.87         Hybrid regime

103       Kenya                                                    4.79         Hybrid regime

104       Georgia                                                  4.62         Hybrid regime

105       Ethiopia                                                  4.52         Hybrid regime

106       Burundi                                                  4.51         Hybrid regime

107       Russia                                                    4.48         Hybrid regime

108       Pakistan                                                 4.46         Hybrid regime

109       Bhutan                                                   4.30         Hybrid regime

110       Haiti                                                      4.19         Hybrid regime

111       Gambia                                                  4.19         Hybrid regime

112       Sierra Leone                                          4.11         Hybrid regime

113       Armenia                                                 4.09         Hybrid regime

114       Kyrgyzstan                                             4.05         Hybrid regime

115       Nepal                                                     4.05         Hybrid regime

116       Iraq                                                        4.00         Hybrid regime

117       Jordan                                                    3.93         Authoritarian regimes

118       Mauritania                                              3.91         Authoritarian regimes

119       Egypt                                                     3.89         Authoritarian regimes

120       Morocco                                                3.88         Authoritarian regimes

121       Rwanda                                                  3.71         Authoritarian regimes

122       Burkina Faso                                          3.60         Authoritarian regimes

123       Comoros                                                3.58         Authoritarian regimes

124       Nigeria                                                   3.53         Authoritarian regimes

125       Cuba                                                      3.52         Authoritarian regimes

126       Cameroon                                              3.46         Authoritarian regimes

127       Kazakhstan                                            3.45         Authoritarian regimes

128       Niger                                                     3.41         Authoritarian regimes

129       Kuwait                                                  3.39         Authoritarian regimes

130       Bahrain                                                  3.38         Authoritarian regimes

131       Angola                                                   3.35         Authoritarian regimes

132       Belarus                                                  3.34         Authoritarian regimes

133       Algeria                                                   3.32         Authoritarian regimes

134       Côte d'Ivoire                                         3.27         Authoritarian regimes

135       Azerbaijan                                             3.19         Authoritarian regimes

136       China                                                     3.04         Authoritarian regimes

137       Swaziland                                              3.04         Authoritarian regimes

138       Afghanistan                                            3.02         Authoritarian regimes

139       Gabon                                                    3.00         Authoritarian regimes

140       Oman                                                     2.98         Authoritarian regimes

141       Tunisia                                                   2.96         Authoritarian regimes

142       Yemen                                                   2.95         Authoritarian regimes

143       Republic of the Congo                            2.94         Authoritarian regimes

144       Qatar                                                     2.92         Authoritarian regimes

145       Iran                                                        2.83         Authoritarian regimes

146       Sudan                                                    2.81         Authoritarian regimes

147       United Arab Emirates                             2.60         Authoritarian regimes

148       Zimbabwe                                             2.53         Authoritarian regimes

149       Vietnam                                                 2.53         Authoritarian regimes

150       Tajikistan                                               2.45         Authoritarian regimes

151       Togo                                                      2.43         Authoritarian regimes

152       Djibouti                                                  2.37         Authoritarian regimes

153       Eritrea                                                    2.31         Authoritarian regimes

154       Democratic Republic of the Congo         2.28         Authoritarian regimes

155       Equatorial Guinea                                   2.19         Authoritarian regimes

156       Syria                                                      2.18         Authoritarian regimes

157       Laos                                                       2.10         Authoritarian regimes

158       Guinea                                                   2.09         Authoritarian regimes

159       Libya                                                     2.00         Authoritarian regimes

160       Guinea-Bissau                                       1.99         Authoritarian regimes

161       Saudi Arabia                                         1.90         Authoritarian regimes

162       Central African Republic                        1.86         Authoritarian regimes

163       Myanmar                                               1.77         Authoritarian regimes

164       Uzbekistan                                            1.74         Authoritarian regimes

165       Turkmenistan                                         1.72         Authoritarian regimes

166       Chad                                                      1.52         Authoritarian regimes

167       North Korea                                          0.86         Authoritarian regimes

 

 

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